Feis na nGleann: A Century of Gaelic Culture in the Antrim Glens
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Iveriu derives from a root meaning'fat, prosperous'. During the last glacial period, up until about 10, BC, most of Ireland was periodically covered in ice. Sea levels were lower and Ireland, like Great Britain, formed part of continental Europe.
By 16, BC, rising sea levels due to ice melting caused Ireland to become separated from Great Britain. Around BC, Great Britain itself became separated from continental Europe; the earliest evidence of human presence in Ireland is dated at 10, BC, demonstrated by a butchered bear bone found in a cave in County Clare. It is not until about BC, that more sustained occupation of the island has been shown, with evidence for Mesolithic communities around the island; these Mesolithic communities lived as hunter-gatherers across the island until about BC.
Some time before BC, Neolithic settlers arrived introducing cereal cultivars, domesticated animals such as cattle and sheep, large timber building, stone monuments; the earliest evidence for farming in Ireland or Great Britain is from Co.. Kerry , where a flint knife, cattle bones and a sheep's tooth were carbon-dated to c. An extensive field system, arguably the oldest in the world, consisted of small divisions separated by dry-stone walls.
The fields were farmed for several centuries between BC and BC. Wheat and barley were the principal crops; the Bronze Age — defined by the use of metal — began around BC, with technology changing people's everyday lives during this period through innovations such as the wheel.
Casement and the Irish Language: Ruairí Mac Easmainn agus an Ghaeilge
According to John T. Koch and others, Ireland in the Late Bronze Age was part of a maritime trading-network culture called the Atlantic Bronze Age that included Britain, western France and Iberia , that this is where Celtic languages developed; this contrasts with the traditional view that their origin lies in mainland Europe with the Hallstatt culture. During the Iron Age , a Celtic language and culture emerged in Ireland. How and when the island became Celtic has been debated for close to a century, with the migrations of the Celts being one of the more enduring themes of archaeological and linguistic studies.
Irish people The Irish are a Celtic nation and ethnic group native to the island of Ireland , who share a common Irish ancestry and culture. Ireland has been inhabited for about 12, years according to archaeological studies. For most of Ireland's recorded history, the Irish have been a Gaelic people. Viking invasions of Ireland during the 8th to 11th centuries established the cities of Dublin , Waterford and Limerick.
Holdings: Feis na nGleann :
Today, Ireland is made up of the Republic of the smaller Northern Ireland ; the people of Northern Ireland hold various national identities including British, Northern Irish or some combination thereof. The Irish have their own customs, music, sports and mythology. Although Irish was their main language in the past, today most Irish people speak English as their first language.
The Irish nation was made up of kin groups or clans, the Irish had their own religion, law code and style of dress. There have been many notable Irish people throughout history. After Ireland's conversion to Christianity , Irish missionaries and scholars exerted great influence on Western Europe , the Irish came to be seen as a nation of "saints and scholars"; the 6th-century Irish monk and missionary Columbanus is regarded as one of the "fathers of Europe ", followed by saints Cillian and Fergal.
The scientist Robert Boyle is considered the "father of chemistry", Robert Mallet one of the "fathers of seismology ". Famous Irish writers include Oscar Wilde , W. Lewis and Seamus Heaney. By some accounts, the first European child born in North America had Irish descent on both sides. Many presidents of the United States have had some Irish ancestry. The population of Ireland is about 6. Emigration from Ireland has been the result of conflict and economic issues.
There are significant numbers in Argentina and New Zealand ; the United States has the most people of Irish descent, while in Australia those of Irish descent are a higher percentage of the population than in any other country outside Ireland. Many Icelanders have Scottish Gaelic forebears.
Neither their languages nor the terms they used to describe; as late as the middle centuries of the 1st millennium the inhabitants of Ireland did not appear to have a collective name for themselves. Scotland takes its name from Scota , who in Irish mythology, Scottish mythology, pseudohistory , is the name given to two different mythological daughters of two different Egyptian Pharaohs to whom the Gaels traced their ancestry explaining the name Scoti , applied by the Romans to Irish raiders, to the Irish invaders of Argyll and Caledonia which became known as Scotland.
Other Latin names for people from Ireland in Classic and Mediaeval sources include Attacotti and Gael; this last word, derived from the Welsh gwyddel "raiders", was adopted by the Irish for themselves. This practice is paralleled by the Anglo-Saxon dynasties' claims of descent from Woden , via his sons Wecta , Baeldaeg and Wihtlaeg ; the Greek mythographer Euhemerus originated the concept of Euhemerism , which treats mythological accounts as a reflection of actual historical events shaped by retelling and traditional mores. In the 12th century, Icelandic bard and historian Snorri Sturluson proposed that the Norse gods were historical war leaders and kings, who became cult figures set into society as gods; this view is in agreement with Irish historians such as Francis John Byrne.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Margaret Dobbs.
County Antrim , Ireland. Portnagalon , County Antrim , Ireland. Retrieved 3 November London, U. Ulster Historical Foundation. Renegades: Irish Republican Women Mercier Press Ltd. MacPherson 16 October Roger Casement: 16Lives. O'Brien Press. The Irish Women's History Reader. Psychology Press. Categories : births deaths Cumann na mBan members.
County Donegal. Related Images. YouTube Videos. Satellite image , October Gallarus Oratory , one of the earliest churches built in Ireland. The Irish are a Celtic nation and ethnic group native to the island of Ireland, who share a common Irish ancestry, identity and culture. Finnian of Clonard imparting his blessing to the " Twelve Apostles of Ireland ". Jonathan Swift, one of the foremost prose satirists in the English language. Ireland's Holocaust mural on the Ballymurphy Road, Belfast.
Carrickfergus is a large town in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It sits on the north shore of Belfast Lough, 11 miles from Belfast. The town had a population of 27, at the Census. A drawing of Carrickfergus Castle circa A plaque at the harbour commemorates the landing of William of Orange in the town in The marina complex in Carrickfergus. It is in the province of Leinster and is part of the Mid-East Region.
It is named after the village of Louth. Louth County Council is the local authority for the county. Dublin is the capital and largest city of Ireland. It is on the east coast of Ireland, in the province of Leinster, at the mouth of the River Liffey, and is bordered on the south by the Wicklow Mountains. Father Mathew Bridge , also known as Dublin Bridge. Dublin Castle , with its 13th century tower, was the fortified seat of British rule in Ireland until Henrietta Street developed in the s is the earliest Georgian street in Dublin. County Donegal is a county of Ireland in the province of Ulster.
Donegal County Council is the local council and Lifford the county town. Horse riding on Tramore Beach in Downings. Glengesh Pass, near Ardara. These reformers emphasised preaching and made it a centerpiece of worship. Execution of Jan Hus in He worked for the British Foreign Office as a diplomat and later became a humanitarian activist, poet and Easter Rising leader. Casement attempted to smuggle weapons from Germany for the Easter Rising. Franz von Papen. Papen was key in organising the arms shipments.
Plaque commemorating Casement's stay in Bavaria during the summer of Conradh na Gaeilge is a social and cultural organisation which promotes the Irish language in Ireland and worldwide. If you wish the Irish Language to live on the lips of Irishmen, help this effort according to your ability!
This is a mainly coastal area with a population of over 4, centred on the towns of Falcarragh and Gortahork. Machaire Rabhartaigh beach in Cloughaneely. A scenic view of Machaire Rabhartaigh strand and Muckish mountain, Cloughaneely. Clare, Ireland. It comprises nine glens, that radiate from the Antrim Plateau to the coast.
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The Glens are an area of outstanding natural beauty and are a major tourist attraction in north Antrim. High sheriffs customarily wear velvet Court Dress suits on formal occasions. The Gaelic revival was the late-nineteenth-century national revival of interest in the Irish language and Irish Gaelic culture.
The Gaelic Journal , an early organ of the Gaelic revival movement. Philip and Mary I, during whose reign Elizabeth was heir presumptive. Hatfield House, where Elizabeth lived during Mary's reign. Elizabeth I in her coronation robes, patterned with Tudor rose s and trimmed with ermine. The Pelican Portrait by Nicholas Hilliard. The pelican was thought to nourish its young with its own blood and served to depict Elizabeth as the "mother of the Church of England".
Panorama from the Barrage Vauban with the medieval bridge Ponts Couverts in the foreground the fourth tower is hidden by trees at the left and the cathedral in the distance on the right. Strasbourg, Cathedral of Our Lady.