The Rise and Fall of the German Air Force (RAF at War)
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The Spanish Civil War
This manual was issued by the British Air Ministry in , and is a complete and detailed history of the German Luftwaffe from concept to defeat. There is little that can be said about the book except that it is the best history possible and makes exceptionally good reading, covering all aspects of the Luftwaffe story with ample illustrations, maps and tables. Seller Inventory H More information about this seller Contact this seller 1.
Published by Public Record Office About this Item: Public Record Office, Condition: As New. Dust Jacket Condition: As New. Mint in pictorial dustjacket. Seller Inventory ABE More information about this seller Contact this seller 2. Published by Public Record Office, Fine in fine dust jacket, in mylar cover. Seller Inventory Embry More information about this seller Contact this seller 3. Published by St.
From the Spanish Civil War to the Fall of France: Luftwaffe Lessons Learned and Applied
Martin s Press, NY About this Item: St. Martin s Press, NY, Condition: Very Good. Dust Jacket Condition: Good. Martin s Press, NY. Using both intelligence and captured documents. Very good copy of the first US edition in a good dust jacket. The dust jacket has some edge wear, particularly on the bottom of the jacket s front cover. Seller Inventory More information about this seller Contact this seller 4. Published by Air Ministry, About this Item: Air Ministry, , First edition. Cloth slightly worn, marked and faded, otherwise, near very good indeed.
Military institute stamp to endpaper and ink number to cover. No dust jacket. Seller Inventory C More information about this seller Contact this seller 5. Published by Air Ministry, London About this Item: Air Ministry, London, Condition: Fair. No Jacket. Restricted Air Ministry Pamphlet No.
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Illustrations and fold-out maps. Front hinge weak; rear hinge detached.
Contents good plus. More information about this seller Contact this seller 6. Martin's Press, NY Martin's Press, NY, Hard Cover. Condition: Fine. Dust Jacket Condition: Fine. First American Edition. Clean and bright. Fine in fine dust jacket. More information about this seller Contact this seller 7.
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Hard Cover Cloth. Second Impression. Clean and bright in sound binding. More information about this seller Contact this seller 8. More information about this seller Contact this seller 9. Martin's Press.
The German Threat to Britain in World War Two
Condition: Good. A copy that has been read, but remains in clean condition. All pages are intact, and the cover is intact. It also had control of a number of Luftgaue, administrative commands responsible for airfields, personnel and logistics, and training. The Luftwaffe used its aircraft in a strategic manner in the early campaigns in Poland and France in The Battle of Britain , August to September. Hitler wanted to threaten an invasion, but with a weak navy he could not counter the Royal Navy unless the Luftwaffe defeated the RAF. The RAF had fighters, with more coming out of the factories every day.
Thanks to its new radar system, the British knew where the Germans were, and could concentrate their counterattacks. The Germans used their strategic bombing doctrine to focus on RAF airfields and radar stations. After the RAF bomber forces quite separate from the fighter forces attacked Berlin and other cities, Hitler swore revenge and diverted the Luftwaffe to attacks on London.
The success the Luftwaffe was having in rapidly wearing down the RAF was squandered, as the civilians being hit were far less critical than the airfields and radar stations that were now ignored. The Luftwaffe lost planes, the British, The British showed more determination, better radar, and better ground control, while the Germans violated their own doctrine with wasted attacks on London.
The British surprised the Germans with their high quality airplanes; flying close to home bases where they could refuel, and using radar as part of an integrated air defense system, they had a significant advantage over German planes operating at long range. The Germans immediately pulled out their Stukas, which were so slow they were child's play for the Hurricanes and Spitfires. The Battle of Britain showed the world that Hitler's vaunted war machine could be defeated.
The first system of radio guidance used by the Luftwaffe was the Knickebein or System K, operational in With it, ground controllers could direct bombers to targets at night and in all kinds of weather. Thirteen Knickebein transmitters were eventually built in the west, six in France. After , the Luftwaffe used a new system for offensive navigation known as the Bernard system, which gave the airplane the transmitter's call-sign, the bearing of the plane, and the position, altitude, and heading of an enemy interceptor.
After the war, much German radio-navigation technology was adopted for military and civilian purposes. After the failure of the Battle of Britain the Luftwaffe failed to mount a major strategic air campaign, not because of the lack of strategic air doctrine or theory but because of the failure to produce an effective heavy bomber, the failure to train enough pilots for a war of attrition, and the failure of the high command to utilize the Luftwaffe in the most effective manner.
The Luftwaffe was unaware of Hitler's strategic plans and was unable to prepare accordingly. Hitler's interference sabotaged the jet planes the Germans had invented. Hitler made strategy without realizing how progressively weaker his air power was becoming or how rapidly the Allies were building up theirs, and he put increasing faith in secret weapons especially the V-1 and V-2 that were too inaccurate to be of much value. While the British air defense system was operational in the critical days of , the Germans were only beginning to build their own version, the Kammhuber Line , in They never caught up with the British.
Air Force suddenly realized the need to revise its basic doctrine: strategic bombing against a technologically sophisticated enemy like Germany was impossible without air supremacy. They provided fighter escorts all the way into Germany and back, and cleverly used B- 17s as bait for Luftwaffe planes, which the escorts then shot down. They dropped 20, tons of bombs, the British at night, the Americans by day. American losses amounted to aircraft, including 28 fighters, while RAF lost Flak accounted for most of the losses; flak seldom downed a bomber but instead knocked it out of formation, allowing the Germans to pounce.
The purpose was to diminish the German air force by cutting into its fighter-plane production and by drawing the German fighters into the air for American fighters to destroy.
American bombers protected by hundreds of fighters, flew 3, sorties dropping 10, tons of high explosives on the main German aircraft and ball-bearing factories. The Luftwaffe made a powerful effort to sweep American day bombers from the skies. The battle raged for a week. It was fought over Regensburg, Merseburg, Schweinfurt, and other critical industrial centers.
The German fighter force was severely crippled, as their fighter planes were designed to knock out big bombers but were slower and less agile than the American P Mustangs. The US suffered 2, casualties, with a loss of bombers and 21 fighters. Ball bearing production was unaffected, as Nazi munitions boss Albert Speer repaired the damage in a few weeks; he even managed to double aircraft production.
Sensing the danger, Speer began dispersing production into numerous small, hidden factories. Paradoxically, the Luftwaffe would have to come out and attack or see its planes destroyed at the factory. Before getting at the bombers the Germans had to confront the more numerous, better armed and faster American fighters. The heavily armed BF could kill a bomber, but it slowness made it easy prey for the speedy P Thunderbolts and P Mustangs armed with numerous fast-firing machine guns. The big, slow twin-engine Ju was dangerous because it could stand further off and fire its rockets into the tight B formations; but it too was hunted down.
Germany's severe shortage of aviation fuel had sharply curtailed the training of new pilots, and most of the instructors had been sent into battle. Rookie pilots were rushed into combat after only flying hours in training compared to hours for the AAF, for the RAF and for the Japanese. They never had a chance against more numerous, better trained Allies flying superior planes. The Germans began losing one thousand planes a month on the western front and another on the eastern front.
Realizing that the best way to defeat the Luftwaffe was not to stick close to the bombers but to aggressively seek out the enemy, Doolittle told his Mustangs to "go hunting for Jerries. Flush them out in the air and beat them up on the ground on the way home. The bogeys were all Mustangs, which shot down 98 interceptors while losing The actual Bs were elsewhere, and completed their mission without a loss. German factories continued to produce many new planes, and inexperienced pilots did report for duty; but their life expectancy was down to a couple of combat sorties.
By April, , Luftwaffe tactical air power had vanished, and the Allies had unquestioned air supremacy over France and much of Germany. Eisenhower , the Allied Supreme Commander. He used them were used tactically to support the invasion.
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Airmen protested vigorously against this subordination of the air war to the land campaign, but Eisenhower forced the issue and used the bombers to simultaneously strangle Germany's supply system, burn out its oil refineries, and destroy its warplanes. Mission accomplished, Ike returned the bombers in September. Eisenhower, knowing he had complete control of the air, decided to go ahead with the invasion of Normandy on June 6, He guaranteed his men that "if you see fighting aircraft over you, they will be ours.
In the two weeks after D-Day, the Luftwaffe lost of the planes it kept in France. Allied medium bombers and fighter-bombers struck Luftwaffe airfields in diversionary attacks so timed as to reduce the concentration of interceptors that threatened the bomber formations.